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Julijske Alpe in Triglavski narodni park

Julian Alps and Triglav National Park

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Basic info

Area: 83,807 ha
Top point: 2,864 m () Triglav )
Lowest point: 180 m ( Tolminke and Zadlaščice, Tolmin Gorge )


Idea for creation: 1908, establishment Alpine Protection Park: 1924 (Area 1,400 ha), naming in Triglavska National Park: 1961 (Area 2,000 ha), extension of the Triglav National Park park: 1981 (Area: 83,807 ha).

Triglav National Park (TNP) lies in the Julian Alps. The park is the only national park in Slovenia and in it there is a special nature conservation regime that is stricter than in landscape parks. The park area is dominated by high mountain karst. The vegetation in the park is typical alpine, but are due to the proximity of the Adriatic Sea and the influence of the Mediterranean climate in the south-western area, plants from this area are also present.


Area: 83,807 ha
Highest point: 2,864 m ( Triglav )
Lowest (surface) point: 180 m ( Tolminka )
Idea for creation: 1908
Establishment of the Alpine Conservation Park: 1924 (Area 1,400 ha).
Designation in the Triglav National Park: 1961 (Area 2,000 ha).
Extension of the Triglav National Park: 1981 (Area: 83,807 ha).

TNP map

Triglav National Park is named after the highest Slovenian on Triglav , which lies in the central park area.

Triglav (2,864 m)

Brief description of hydrology in TNP

There are two major sources in the Triglav National Park: the Soča River, which flows into the Adriatic Sea, and the Sava River. which flows towards the Black Sea . On mostly varied mountain terrain many permanent waterfalls are also worth mentioning in the karst. In the Soča part of the park the waterfalls are more numerous.


Loška Koritnica springs between Mangrt (2,679 m) and Jalovec (2,645 m). Its tributaries have an extremely varied riverbed with many waterfalls. Predilnica is the right tributary of the Koritnica. Its highest waterfall is a good 50 m high Predelski slap . The waterfalls Zaročenca (30 m) and Oblique waterfall (20 m). Fratarica is the left tributary of the Koritnica. It springs below Oblica (2,246 m).

The stream makes as much as 1,000 m of altitude on its short route differences. The highest waterfall consists of three levels Veliki Drsnik (112 m). In the valley Loška Koritnica is easily accessible waterfall Skok (Parabola; 48m) . In the lower course, the Koritnica gets a pretty strong right tributary - stream Možnica (old name Nemčlja). The troughs and the 18 m high Veliki are interesting. Možniški slap , which falls under a natural bridge. The river Koritnica flows a path through a 1 km long canyon between Rombon (2,208 m) and Vrh Krnice (2,234). Its approximately 60 m deep and 200 m long troughs are known. They are the most beautiful visible from the bridge at the Kluže fortress.
It was in 1981 The Triglav National Park also includes the extremely picturesque valley Trenta . In the lower part, near the settlement of Soča, it merges with the town of Vrsnik, at the settlement (Trenta) Na Log, to the east, it meets the Zadnjica valley, towards to the north it passes into the Zapoden valley.
Through the Zapoden valley flows Suhi potok . Upstream is officially the highest permanent waterfall of the Triglav National Park: Slap pod planino Zapotok (121 m). At the confluence with the Soča, Suhi potok contributes most of the water. Not far from the confluence, at an altitude of 1,050 m, springs in one of the most beautiful karst springs of the Soča River. Kraški izvir is a popular tourist spot. As a curiosity: the old name for the Soča in the upper course between the spring and the settlement (Trenta) Na Log was Šnita . In this part, the river also gets smaller tributaries. The left tributary of the Mlinarica is known for its deep troughs / a>. Access to the lower 8 m high waterfall and to the 'entrance' to the riverbed is tourist-oriented. Near is alpine Julian Botanical Garden , which collects over 1,000 specimens from of the Alpine world, predominantly from the Julian Alps. Above it rises the Red Graben, along which the almost 200 m high waterfall descends. The center of Trento is a settlement (Trenta) Na Logu. Above it rises a steep gorge Kloma , along which a torrential stream flows. He overcomes the slope in a 200 m high waterfall. With a strong flow, it could be considered a 200 m high multi-stage waterfall. East of the settlement (Trenta) on the Log flows into the Soča its left tributary Krajcarica. It flows through the Zadnjica valley. Beli potok is worth mentioning here, with its 15 m high lower waterfall. In the lower part of the Trenta, the Soča flows into the Mali koriti , below which the stream flows from the left Vrsnik . The place where the stream flows is also called Vrsnik. Potok Vrsnik carved an interesting, about 150 m long and up to 15 m deep trough. The waterfalls under the troughs are also interesting. During the rainy season Vrsnik gets a torrential tributary from the left. Creates extremely picturesque, more than 100 m high waterfall . The waterfall is not permanent. In deeper troughs than Vrsnik, its right tributary flows Suhi stream .
A popular starting point to Krnsko jezera and on to Krn (2,244 m) is from the Lepena valley. The stream Lepenca originates in a 'pool' 1x1 m at an altitude of 1,100 m, below Debeljak (1,869 m). That the area was severely affected by the 1998 earthquake, so it was flooded the waterfall and the troughs below it. The bulk material was quickly carried away by the water into the valley. The left tributary of Lepence is the stream Šumnik (Shunik) . It has an extremely strong constant flow. It descends in many waterfalls past unusual strata of rock.
River headwaters Tolminke and Zadlaščice , known for their deep troughs, hide what some, unknown 'streams. The right tributary of the Tolminka, Levi and especially Desni Pščak create extremely picturesque waterfalls. In the wild ravine of the right tributary Zadlaščice - Jelovščku , but hides a kind of 20 m high & quot; spiralasti slap & quot ;.


Below the Črna jezera springs 500 m lower, in the 78 m high waterfall Savice , Savica river. It continues its way into the lake of glacial origin - Lake Bohinj and beyond like the Jezernica River. After 90 m of flow, it merges with Mostnica and flows towards confluence with the Sava Dolinka. North of Lake Bohinj is a picturesque valley Under the mountain range Martuljek groups - Špik (2,472m) izivra stream Martuljek . V the upper course falls in a 4 m high 4-stage waterfall. Access to the lower almost 30 m high waterfall is tourist-oriented. It gives access charm also the path itself through the narrow vintgar. Beli the stream is known for its many waterfalls that flow down steep gutters. They are also called jumpers, although the largest are up to 35 m tall.
As a kind of guard of the Vrata Valley , a popular starting point for a hike to Triglav, is 52 m high slap Laundry . Parallel to the Vrata Valley is the valley Kot . The Kotarica stream originates in the valley. Already in the beginning it runs in many jumpers and interesting Slapovih in Kot . Soon after the waterfalls, the cat disappears under the gravel and continues under the ground path towards the river Radovna.


The largest lake in Triglav of the National Park is Bohinjsko a lake of tectonic-glacial origin. The smaller Triglav region is known lakes. One of them is also Black Lake. Water is sinking from this area against the Savice waterfall . High Kriška and Krnsko jezero are also in the mountains.
Bohinjsko jezero

Bohinjsko lake

See also: ( list of documented locations )

Lakes: Lake Bohinj , Črno jezero , Dvojno jezero , Krnsko jezero ...

Valleys: Vrata , Kot , Krma , Voje , Trenta , Loška Koritnica Valley , Bavšica , ..

author: Boštjan Burger, 1998 (1999)

Burger Landmarks / MojaSlovenija. si

Digitization of heritage: (c) Boštjan Burger, (1993) 1996-2022